Six Tricks Florists Use to Keep Flowers Alive
You Can Extend the Life of Your Cut Flowers with These Easy Tips
It doesn't matter whether you’re growing flowers in your garden or purchasing your flowers from a flower retailer we want to help you make your flowers last. We compiled a short article detailing six tricks that are simple and easy to use to help you preserve your flowers so they last longer and extend the happiness they bring into your life and home. At Green Fresh Florals + Plants, we pride ourselves in delivering the freshest cut flowers to maximize the life of your arrangement and the joy our flowers bring into your world.
Here are the six tricks (and an extra tip or two thrown in for good measure) we share with our customers so they can extend the life of their cut flowers. Some of you may already know and use all of these tricks; some may be new. Either way, I hope you find them h in keeping cut flowers alive longer.
1. Always Cut the Stems Before Placing in Water
If you purchase your flowers, you should always cut the stems before putting them in water. If you are buying an arrangement from a professional florist, they should already be cut, and your flowers will be good for a few days. However, it’s still important to clip the stems after a few days to allow fresh water to penetrate the flower's stem. It also is helpful to replace the water every couple of days.
Every three days or so, using sharp scissors or pruning shears, cut about one inch from the bottom of each stem at a 45-degree angle. Doing so allows the flower stem to absorb more water. You can either cut each flower stem individually or a small group at the same time. Either way, remember to keep the angle at 45 degrees.
2. Cut back or remove the extra leaves
Before you place your cut flowers in a vase, take some time to remove any extra leaves at the base of the stem if the leaves would likely rest under the waterline of the container. Eliminating the foliage will decrease any bacteria in the water, helping keep the water clean and free of foul odors. This will also allow the focus of the bloom on the flowers, enabling them to stay fresh longer. Pruning fresh flowers and removing leaves is a regular part of our daily flower care at Green.
3. Choose the right size vase or container
Picking the correct vase size is an essential element in the life of your cut flower arrangement. Our trained florists can help you choose the right vase or container size to ensure that the clipped stems fit nicely into the opening or mouth. If the opening is too narrow, the flower stems might look cramped or squished so either remove some of the flower stems to create a smaller bunch or find a larger vase to utilize. In the opposite direction, If the mouth of your vase is too wide, the arrangement will not have any form or shape. If you're not sure, ask one of our friendly florists to help you decide from the many options we have available online or in our Hillcrest shop. Some work best for short and stocky arrangements, while others are better for tall and showy designs. Our team can help you make the right choice.
One option that scares beginners away is using a low vase like a cube or small bowl because this size requires a drastic trim to the stems. To make it work, you will need to cut the stems down significantly, and it can cause some anxiety for those just learning. Don’t be afraid to choose a low vase, like a cube or small fishbowl, and drastically clip the stems. Be sure your choice is also clean, and fill it two-thirds of the way to the top with fresh, cold water. (Tip: If you are trying to get your flowers to open, you should substitute cold water for warm water. The warm temperature will help facilitate the opening of the bloom.) But remember, if you are trying to keep cut flowers alive longer, you will want to use cold water when you replace the water.
4. Change the Water Every Two Days
Fresh, clean water will keep your cut flowers alive longer. You should take the flowers out of the vase every two or three days, rinse the vase out, and fill it with fresh water. If you have a packet of “plant food” provided by many florists (see below) to help keep your arrangement alive longer, this is a perfect time to add it. If you have dying foliage, be sure to remove it.
Tip: Placing your arrangement in the fridge overnight as florists do will also help extend your flower's life. While this may be difficult depending on the size of the arrangement, it is a nifty trick that will do wonders for your flower's life, especially in the summertime when the flowers are in warm air throughout the day.
5. Remove dying flowers
Everything has a season, and there will be a time when some of your flowers will start to fade and turn dark. Despite all the hard work by those supplying your flowers, and your extra effort to keep them alive, some blooms will begin to wilt within a week.
To continue to enjoy your flowers, remove blooms that are wilting and dying as they can begin to grow mold and contaminate the healthy flowers. While this won’t do anything to extend the life of your flowers, it will keep your arrangement looking good longer.
Believe it or not, where you display your flowers can significantly impact how long your cut flowers will look good. Place your arrangement in a shaded, cool area that receives indirect sunlight as the colder temperature helps preserve the blooms.
6. Place your arrangement in the best spot
Keeping your cut flowers in the right place can impact the life of your cut flowers. Place your arrangement in a shaded, cool area that receives indirect sunlight as the colder temperature helps preserve the blooms.
It is also essential to keep cut flowers away from fruits in the kitchen or on the table. Believe it or not, fruits and veggies give off ethylene gas, contributing to flowers wilting. A stink bomb, if you will. Cut carnations are particularly susceptible to gas, but one apple won’t kill a whole bunch of flowers. Just don’t set your flowers next to a large bowl of fruit.
And one more trick...
If your flowers arrive with a small packet of flower "food,” be sure to use it. While the ingredients vary depending on the manufacturer, most contain sugar to feed the flowers, acid to maintain the pH levels of the water, and last a bit of bleach to reduce the number of bacteria and fungi in the vase water. All three help extend the life of the flowers.