Tillandsias, also known as air plants, are a type of epiphytic plant (epiphytes) native to the tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas. Epiphytes grow or attach to host plants via their root systems to secure themselves. The term air plant refers to around 650 species of flowering perennial plants in the Tillandsia genus, all part of the Bromeliad family.
In general, tillandsia is known for the ability to absorb water and nutrients through their leaves rather than their roots, thus their name. Some can also be grown in a traditional pot with soil, but they need to be watered more frequently and require more maintenance.Light is Important
One of the benefits of growing tillandsia is that they are easy, t plants that require limited attention; however, it is vital to ensure they get enough light. Most prefer bright, indirect light and can tolerate some direct sun. But be cautious in the amount, as direct sunlight can cause their leaves to burn.Watering + Misting
Tillandsia generally prefers high humidity and should be misted regularly to keep their leaves moist.
In addition to misting, tillandsia can be soaked in water once a week to provide the moisture they need. To soak your tillandsia, fill a bowl or sink with room temperature water and soak for about 20 minutes. After soaking, shake off any excess water and place the plants where they can dry completely. Be sure to get all of the excess water removed, as it can create rot.Don't forget to feed your air plants
Tillandsia is an excellent plant for people looking for a low-maintenance option for their home or office. They do not require frequent watering or fertilizing. When you fertilize or feed your tillandsia, it is essential to use a specialized fertilization formulated for air plants. Most air plant professionals recommend fertilizing once a month. We offer air plant food (see below) at Green which is easy to use by simply mixing the recommended amount into a gallon of water and a your air plant to soak for 20-30 minutes. You can order online or purchase in our Hillcrest store.
Here is a summary of the ten most popular Tillandsia varieties collectors own:1. Tillandsia ionantha: This species is native to Central America and Mexico and represents the most significant number of varieties, including Guatemala, Mexico, Maxima, Rubra, Fuego, Fat Boy, Variegata, and Victoria. The most common and recognizable air plant, the Tillandsia ionantha, is small and has thin, green leaves that turn red when blooming. Ionantha is a bromeliad plant known as the sky plant because it has a short stem and grows in a tropical climate. They produce flowers toward the end of their lifespan and produce numerous offsets (baby tillandsia) in each bloom cycle.
3. Wallindsia cyanea: Previously in the genus Tillandsia, this plant has been reclassified into the newly formed bromeliad genus Wallindsia. This species is native to South America and is known for its long, thin leaves that are blue-gray. Wallindsia cyanea are popular due to their bright pink blooming bracts and vibrant purple-blue flowers, giving it the alternative name as the pink quill plant. Part of the Bromeliad family, the Wallindsia cyanea can grow either in a container with soil or as an air plant.
6. Tillandsia streptophylla: This species is native to Central America and Mexico and has thin, green leaves that turn red when blooming. Nicknamed the Shirley Temple due to its curling leaves that mirror her curly hair, the Tillandsia streptophylla is a stunning air plant collected by many. It thrives in low-humidity areas due and has light pastel green leaves with a fuzzy texture. In dry conditions, the leaves will curl into tight ringlets. Shake out your plant after soaking to avoid rot. It prefers bright, indirect light, so placing it near a window is suggested.
7. Tillandsia brachycaulos: This species is native to Mexico, Central, and South America and has short, thick green leaves that fan outward from a central growing point. One of several species that completely changes color in bloom and will blush and hold a red color year-round with partial light and humidity. This variety of Tillandsia grows in size each subsequent generation. A small air plant, the Tillandsia brachycaulos grows to an average h of 3" high by 4" wide. Prefers indirect light or filtered light and shade.
8. Tillandsia tectorum: This species is native to South America and has thin, green leaves that turn red when blooming. The appearance of this large, fuzzy Tillandsia has made it a popular choice for beginners and long-term enthusiasts. Unlike other Tillandsia, it is important not to soak this variety in water or allow it to stay wet for any time. A regular misting is all it needs, along with bright light.
9. Tillandsia caput-medusae: This species is native to Central and South America and has thin, curly green leaves. The Tillandsia Caput Medusae is named after the Greek Goddess Medusa because the plant resembles her hair of snakes! The leaves of the Caput Medusae are smooth and grow upward from a bulbous base. Native to Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Panama.
10. Tillandsia velutina: Another tillandsia native to Mexico and Guatemala, the Tillandsia velutina, whose name is similar to the word velvet, has soft, thin green leaves that are velvety to the touch. Its leaves turn bright pink when it blooms. In humid climates, the Tillandsia velutina can grow to the size of a bowling ball. It prefers shade to indirect light.
That is our list of the ten most popular tillandsia varieties collectors grow and tips on caring for them, so they thrive.